"The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP), which is managed by the Department of State (DOS), resettles refugees from around the world in the United States. Once a refugee case is approved for U.S. resettlement, the USRAP determines where in the country the refugee(s) will be resettled. This determination is made through DOS’s Reception and Placement Program (R&P), which provides initial resettlement services to arriving refugees. R&P initial resettlement assistance is separate from longer-term resettlement assistance provided through the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR).
Each year, DOS’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) requests proposals from
public and private nonprofit organizations that are interested in providing services and assistance
to refugees under the R&P Program. It then enters into a cooperative agreement with each
successful applicant. The organizations, sometimes referred to as voluntary agencies, maintain
nationwide networks of local affiliates to provide services to refugees. The services include prearrival
services (e.g., placement); reception on arrival in the United States; basic needs support
(e.g., housing, furnishings, food, and clothing) for at least 30 days; and help accessing health,
employment, education, and other services, as needed. Funding comes from the R&P Program
and contributions from other sources..."