Monday, October 17, 2016

Spina Bifida Data

"About 3 in 10,000 babies are born each year with spina bifida, a serious birth defect of the spine. Complications from this condition can lead to severe kidney problems. As of mid-2016, more than 100 babies born with spina bifida have been enrolled in a new treatment plan designed to protect their kidneys.
CDC scientists and healthcare professionals who treat children with spina bifida designed the treatment plan. This is the first time a treatment plan with tests and clinical monitoring is being scientifically tested to determine which steps work best to protect the kidneys of babies born with spina bifida..."

Spina Bifida

Saturday, October 15, 2016

New Identity Theft Report helps you spot ID theft

"Do you ever hear from customers or employees who want you to know that they’ve been affected by identity theft? If so, you’ll probably start seeing them use the new FTC Identity Theft Report. It tells you that someone important to your business is a crime victim, has alerted law enforcement, and is working to resolve the financial and emotional disruption that identity theft causes.
The new Identity Theft Report is a product of, the one-stop resource for people to report identity theft to law enforcement and get a personal recovery plan that responds to their specific identity theft circumstances. The FTC has updated the website to produce the new Report, along with customized letters for people to use to let you know they are victims and that your business records may contain fraudulent information..."
Identity theft

How Preferential Trade Agreements Affect the U.S. Economy

"Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are treaties that remove barriers to trade and set rules for international commerce between two countries or among a small group of countries. PTAs directly affect a country’s economy by altering its flows of trade and investment. Primarily through trade, PTAs indirectly affect other aspects of a country’s economy—such as productivity, output, and employment. As of August 2016, the United States had established 14 PTAs with 20 of its trading partners. This report examines the economic literature on trade and PTAs and summarizes that literature’s findings on how trade and PTAs have affected the U.S. economy..."
Trade agreements

Safe Teen Driving

"Learning to drive is often considered a rite of passage for teenagers. But with the reward of being a new driver comes real risk. Car crashes are the leading cause of death for teens in the United States, taking the lives of six teens a day. CDC's Injury Center is committed to preventing teen crashes and related deaths and injuries.
CDC's study Parental Perceptions of Teen Driving: Restrictions, Worry and Influence  reveals that most parents report having rules and restrictions for their teen drivers, but only a small percentage formalize the rules and restrictions in a written parent-teen driving agreement. Parents worry less about their teen driver's safety during the newly licensed phase, when crash risk is high as compared to the learning phase. Implementing parent-teen driving agreements and updating existing agreements can assist families in keeping restrictions and expectations clear and ongoing as teens gain experience driving independently..."

Teen driving

Friday, October 14, 2016

Justice Department Outlines Plan to Enable Nationwide Collection of Use of Force Data

"Today, Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch announced several steps by the Department of Justice to enable the nationwide collection of data on law enforcement interactions with civilians, including data related to the use of force by law enforcement officers. 
“Accurate and comprehensive data on the use of force by law enforcement is essential to an informed and productive discussion about community-police relations,” said Attorney General Lynch.  “The initiatives we are announcing today are vital efforts toward increasing transparency and building trust between law enforcement and the communities we serve.  In the days ahead, the Department of Justice will continue to work alongside our local, state, tribal and federal partners to ensure that we put in place a system to collect data that is comprehensive, useful and responsive to the needs of the communities we serve.”   
The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing called on law enforcement to “collect, maintain and report data . . .  on all officer involved shootings, whether fatal or nonfatal, as well as any in-custody death,” and the department is committed to heeding this call..."
Law Enforcement Force data

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Energy-related CO2 emissions for first six months of 2016 are lowest since 1991

"U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions totaled 2,530 million metric tons in the first six months of 2016. This was the lowest emissions level for the first six months of the year since 1991, as mild weather and changes in the fuels used to generate electricity contributed to the decline in energy-related emissions. EIA’sShort-Term Energy Outlook projects that energy-associated CO2 emissions will fall to 5,179 million metric tons in 2016, the lowest annual level since 1992..."
Carbon_Dioxide, Co2

Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Friends, Family, and Diabetes

"One of the best ways to predict how well someone will manage diabetes: how much support they get from family and friends.
Daily diabetes care is a lot to handle, from taking meds, injecting insulin, and checking blood sugar to eating healthy food, being physically active, and keeping health care appointments. Your support can help make the difference between your friend or family member feeling overwhelmed or empowered..."

Learn More About ADHD

"October is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) awareness month. This year's ADHD awareness month theme is ‘Knowing is Better.' Learning more about ADHD is the first step to an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment for individuals and families, as well as for the professionals who treat and support them. Here is what CDC is doing to learn more and raise awareness about ADHD.
CDC helps children with ADHD reach their full potential by working with partners to raise awareness of ADHD and improve knowledge of treatment options to support families, professionals, and the community.
 What is ADHD and how is it diagnosed?
ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Many children have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, a child may have ADHD when symptoms like having trouble paying attention, acting without thinking about what the result will be, or being overly active, continue over time and cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends..."
Attention deficit disorder

The Administration’s Report on the Future of Artificial Intelligence

"Under President Obama’s leadership, America continues to be the world’s most innovative country, with the greatest potential to develop the industries of the future and harness science and technology to help address important challenges. Over the past 8 years, President Obama has relentlessly focused on building U.S. capacity in science and technology. This Thursday, President Obama will host the White House Frontiers Conference in Pittsburgh to imagine the Nation and the world in 50 years and beyond, and to explore America’s potential to advance towards the frontiers that will make the world healthier, more prosperous, more equitable, and more secure. 
Today, to ready the United States for a future in which Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays a growing role, the White House is releasing a report on future directions and considerations for AI calledPreparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence. This report surveys the current state of AI, its existing and potential applications, and the questions that progress in AI raise for society and public policy. The report also makes recommendations for specific further actions. A companionNational Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan is also being released, laying out a strategic plan for Federally-funded research and development in AI..."
Artificial intelligence

Monday, October 10, 2016

How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

"Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution vests Congress with broad powers over the armed forces, including the power "To raise and support Armies" and “To provide and maintain a Navy.” As such, the size of the armed forces is a topic of perennial congressional interest and debate. Congress annually sets minimum and maximum strength levels for the active components and maximum strength levels for the reserve components.

The House and Senate versions of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2017 authorized differing levels for active duty personnel in each of the services, but these authorizations diverge most significantly with respect to the Army. The Senate version of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act approved Army end strength of 460,000 soldiers, while the House version approved an Army end strength of 480,000. The Senate figure represents a decrease of 15,000 soldiers in comparison to the Army’s FY2016 end strength of 475,000, while the House figure represents an increase of 5,000..." 
U.S. Army

Friday, October 7, 2016

Findings on the Worst Form of Child Labor(2015)

"The Department of Labor's annual Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor focuses on the efforts of certain U.S. trade beneficiary countries and territories to eliminate the worst forms of child labor through legislation, enforcement mechanisms, policies and social programs. Read More
The Report presents:
  • Findings on the prevalence and sectoral distribution of the worst forms of child labor in each country.
  • Country-specific suggestions for government action (since 2009).
  • Individual country assessments that identify where Significant, Moderate, Minimal, or No Advancement has been made (since 2011).
The Report serves as a resource to foreign governments, NGOs, academics and policymakers working on labor and human rights issues. It helps inform Congress and Executive Branch agencies that formulate labor and trade policy and is an important resource for the Department in assessing future technical assistance and research priorities as it seeks to combat child labor around the world..."
Child labor

Getting a New Perspective on the Great Lakes’ Water Quality

"The Great Lakes cover over 95,000 square miles and contain trillions of gallons of water. These vestiges of the last Ice Age define immense. But their greatness makes water quality monitoring difficult.
In 2010, Titus Seilheimer, a US Forest Service research ecologist at the time, led a project funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative that parsed the vastness of the Great Lakes to estimate water quality in different basins. This information can identify which areas are likely to receive high nutrient inputs – which can cause harmful algae blooms and dead zones – and where resource managers should invest in restoration efforts.
But as Seilheimer said, “We can’t measure water quality everywhere.”
Now, through the US Forest Service’s partnership with ESRI, the work Seilheimer and his colleagues did is presented in an online and interactive story map, one of many produced by the US Forest Service through its continuous effort to develop new and engaging ways to share information..."

Great lakes water quality

Severe Joint Pain

"New Study on Severe Joint Pain
A new CDC study looked at severe joint pain among adults aged 18 years or older with arthritis. Study highlights include
  • Severe joint pain from arthritis is from the breakdown of cartilage (tissues around a joint) in the body and pain that is not managed well.
  • Severe joint pain occurs in more than one third of 52.5 million adults with arthritis.
  • The number of adults with arthritis and severe joint pain has increased significantly, reaching nearly 15 million in 2014 compared with more than 10 million in 2002.
  • Some groups are affected by severe arthritis pain more than others and include African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, people in fair to poor health, adults with serious psychological distress, people who are unable to work, and people with diabetes or heart diseas..."
    Joint pain

Thursday, October 6, 2016

Data Visualization Gallery

"The Census Bureau is working to increase our use of visualization in making data available to the public, and this gallery is an early part of that effort. The first posted visualizations will pertain largely to historical population data, building on prior work done to portray historical changes in the growth and redistribution of the U.S. population. For later visualizations, the topics will expand beyond decennial census data to include the full breadth of Census Bureau data sets and subject areas, from household and family dynamics, to migration and geographic mobility, to economic indicators..."
Census Visual data

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

"While there are many opportunities in the federal government for internships, fellowships, and other work experience, there is no comprehensive source to assist in locating these opportunities. This report describes Internet resources for prominent and popular opportunities for internship, fellowship, and work experience programs within the federal government. The report is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. It provides information on legislative, executive, and judicial branch opportunities and links to several aggregators of jobs data. The introduction provides a number of insights to assist applicants on understanding terminology, timing applications, and expectations for types of work involved..."
Federal government employment