Thursday, May 28, 2015

Nonemployer Statistics:2013

"Nonemployer Statistics is an annual series that provides subnational economic data for businesses that have no paid employees and are subject to federal income tax. The data consist of the number of businesses and total receipts by industry. Most nonemployers are self-employed individuals operating unincorporated businesses (known as sole proprietorships), which may or may not be the owner's principal source of income.
The majority of all business establishments in the United States are nonemployers, yet these firms average less than 4 percent of all sales and receipts nationally. Due to their small economic impact, these firms are excluded from most other Census Bureau business statistics (the primary exception being the Survey of Business Owners). The Nonemployers Statistics series is the primary resource available to study the scope and activities of nonemployers at a detailed geographic level. For complementary statistics on the firms that do have paid employees, refer to the County Business Patterns. Additional sources of data on small businesses include the Economic Census, and the Statistics of U.S. Businesses.."
Nonemployer

Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households in 2014

"As the economy of the United States continues to rebound from the Great Recession, the well-being of households and consumers provides important information about the scope and pace of the economic recovery. In order to monitor the financial and economic status of American consumers, the Federal Reserve Board began conducting the Survey of Household Economics and Decisionmaking in 2013 and conducted the survey for a second time in October 2014. The findings from the October 2014 survey are covered in this report. Topics examined in the survey include the financial health of individuals on a number of levels, such as overall well-being, housing, economic fragility, savings and spending, access to credit, education and student loans, and retirement planning..."
Economics of us households

Clean Water Rule Protects Streams and Wetlands Critical to Public Health, Communities, and Economy

 "In an historic step for the protection of clean water, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Army finalized the Clean Water Rule today to clearly protect from pollution and degradation the streams and wetlands that form the foundation of the nation’s water resources.
The rule ensures that waters protected under the Clean Water Act are more precisely defined and predictably determined, making permitting less costly, easier, and faster for businesses and industry. The rule is grounded in law and the latest science, and is shaped by public input. The rule does not create any new permitting requirements for agriculture and maintains all previous exemptions and exclusions.
“For the water in the rivers and lakes in our communities that flow to our drinking water to be clean, the streams and wetlands that feed them need to be clean too,” said EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy. “Protecting our water sources is a critical component of adapting to climate change impacts like drought, sea level rise, stronger storms, and warmer temperatures – which is why EPA and the Army have finalized the Clean Water Rule to protect these important waters, so we can strengthen our economy and provide certainty to American businesses.”..."Clean water

Ask Smithsonian: What Happens When You Get a Concussion?

"Oodles of studies suggest that banging your head—maybe even a single time—causes short-term damage to the brain, but more recently, it’s become alarmingly clear that there may also be profound long-term consequences.

The process of exactly what happens to the brain after a knock on the noggin is still barely understood, as is the question of who is most vulnerable to long-lasting effects, or who is most at risk for permanent damage. There’s also no clear indicator for how long it takes for any one person to recover from a concussion.

If it seems like there are more questions than answers, that’s because until recently “there really wasn’t a lot of research dollars spent on understanding concussion,” says Patrick SF Bellgowan, program director for repair and plasticity at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke..."
Concussion

CDC Data on Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

"Outbreaks provide important insights into how germs spread, which food and germ combinations make people sick, and how to prevent food poisoning. Public health and industry use outbreak data to create information on prevention, education, and policy.
CDC has a long history of summarizing outbreak reports from local and state health departments. CDC also collects outbreak data and makes it available to the public. Tracking and reporting outbreak data is the first step towards prevention..."
Foodborne diseases

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

The Classy Rise of the Trench Coat

"The trench coat wasn’t exactly invented for use during the war that gave it its name, a war spent mired in muddy, bloody trenches across Europe. But it was during the First World War that this now iconic garment took the shape that we recognize today, a form that remains startlingly current despite being more than 100 years old.
The trench coat is, in some ways, emblematic of the unique moment in history that World War I occupies, when everything – from rigidly held social structures to military organization to fashion – was in upheaval; it is both a product of this time as well as a symbol of it. “It’s the result of the scientific innovation, technology, mass production… The story of the trench coat is a very modern story,” says Dr. Jane Tynan, lecturer in design history at Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts London and author of British Army Uniform and the First World War: Men in Khaki..."
Trench coat

Prevent Hepatitis A: Get Vaccinated Before You Travel

"Hepatitis A is common in many parts of the world, particularly in some popular travel destinations such as Mexico, and Central and South America. On May 1, 2015, CDC released an advisory to travelers to Tulum, Mexico, as public health officials had recently identified 27 cases of Hepatitis A in 12 states as of the end of April – all sharing this travel destination. Unvaccinated travelers to Tulum and other areas where Hepatitis A is common are at a greater risk of getting infected with the hepatitis A virus. During Hepatitis Awareness Month, learn more about how the hepatitis A vaccine can protect you from getting infected when traveling..."
Hepatitis-A

Your Preteens and Teens Need Vaccines Too!

"While your preteens and teens are thinking about all the fun things they'll be doing this summer, you're probably thinking about keeping them healthy and safe. When you're planning trips to get new swimsuits and sunscreen, make an appointment for vaccinations before the back-to-school rush begins at the doctor's office. Vaccines can help our kids stay healthy, and most states require certain vaccinations before school starts again in the fall.
There are four vaccines recommended for preteens and teens—these vaccines help protect your children, their friends, and their family members. While your kids should get a flu vaccine every year, the three other preteen vaccines should be given when kids are 11- 12 years old. Teens may also need a booster of a vaccine that requires more than one dose to be fully protected..."
Preteen and vaccines

Competition in the Pet Medications Industry Prescription Portability and Distribution Practices

"The U.S. market for companion animal medications (“pet medications”) has grown significantly in the last decade. This growth is reflected in increased sales of both prescription and nonprescription (also referred to as “over-the-counter” or “OTC”) medications.  Recognizing the economic importance of the pet medications industry for American consumers,  and in response to legislative proposals regarding prescriptions for pet medications,  the Federal Trade Commission’s (“FTC” or “Commission”) staff compiled information concerning historic and current business practices in the sale of pet medications.  Staff primarily focused on two related issues that directly affect consumers’ access to competitively priced pet medications:

• the availability of “portable” pet medication prescriptions, obtained from veterinarians and used to purchase prescription pet medications somewhere other than the prescribing veterinarian’s office; and
• manufacturer distribution policies and practices for both prescription and OTC pet medications..."
Pet Medication

An Introduction to Health Insurance: What Should a Consumer Know?

"Congress has seen a renewed interest in the market for private health insurance since the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended). This report provides an overview of private-sector (as opposed to government-provided) health insurance.It serves as an introduction to health insurance from the point of view of many consumers under the age of 65. No background in health insurance is assumed, and all terms are defined in the body of the report.

 A consumer may find the purchase of health care inherently different from some other purchases. Health care can be expensive, and many relevant details concerning future health care may not be known when the consumer is choosing an insurance plan, including when over the course of a year (if at all) health care will be purchased, which services will be needed, and the costs of those services. These characteristics of purchasing health care decrease the consumer’s ability to plan financially and increase the consumer’s exposure to financial risk. The purchase of health insurance reduces the risks and unpredictability inherent in paying for health services..."
Health insurance

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Travel Smart: Get Vaccinated

"Before you travel internationally, ensure that you are up to date on all your routine vaccines, as well as travel vaccines.
More and more Americans are travelling internationally each year. Today more than a third of Americans have a passport.  It is important to remember that some types of international travel, especially to developing countries and rural areas, have higher health risks. These risks depend on a number of things including:
  • Where you are traveling
  • Your activities while traveling
  • Your current health status
  • Your vaccination history.."
    Vaccines and travel

Web Archive Collections(Library of Congress)

"Researcher Access to Publicly Available Web Archive Collections is here
 
The following is a list of all web archive collections developed by or in partnership with the Library of Congress. These are in various stages of production.
Active collections (i.e. currently collecting websites) are marked with a "".

Department of Justice Policy Guidance1 Domestic Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

"The law enforcement agencies of the Department of Justice ("the Department") work diligently to protect the American people from national security threats, enforce our nation's laws, and ensure public safety. In doing so, these agencies use a wide variety of investigative methods. Some of these methods have been in use for decades; others are relatively new and rely on technological innovation. In all cases, investigations and other activities must be conducted consistent with the Constitution and the laws of the United States-and with our commitment to protecting privacy and civil liberties..."
Drone policy

Simple Tips for Safe Boating

"If you go out on a boat anytime soon, you won’t be alone. Memorial Day weekend kicked off the recreational boating season, and craft of every type will be out on the waterways this summer. Whether yours is a sailboat, a motorboat, a kayak or jet ski on a lake, river, bay or ocean, these few steps will help keep you safe:
  • Wear your life jacket
    • If you fall overboard, or your boat sinks quickly, having one on board is not good enough.
  • Prepare a float plan.—the who, what, when, and where of your outing. 
    • Leave a copy of your plan with a friend or family member to alert authorities if you don’t return as planned.
  • Don’t drink and boat. .."
    • It’s as dangerous as drinking and driving. Even if you’re not operating the boat, it can impair your ability to escape safely if your boat capsizes or you fall overboard.

Safe boating

Saturday, May 23, 2015

Tracking Federal Funds: USAspending.gov and Other Data Sources

"Finding data on federal grants and contracts awarded to states and congressional districts, local governments, nonprofit organizations, contractors, and other eligible entities may present challenges. The official website, USAspending.gov, at http://www.usaspending.gov, collects data on grants, loans, insurance, assistance, and contracts, and it presents various searching and downloading options to Congress and the public. Because of continued data quality problems identified by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), researchers need to be aware that search results may be incomplete or have inaccuracies..."
Federal funds