Thursday, March 22, 2018

Modes of Constitutional Interpretation

"When exercising its power to review the constitutionality of governmental action, the Supreme Court has relied on certain “methods” or “modes” of interpretation—that is, ways of figuring out a particular meaning of a provision within the Constitution. This report broadly describes the most common modes of constitutional interpretation; discusses examples of Supreme Court decisions that demonstrate the application of these methods; and provides a general overview of the various arguments in support of, and in opposition to, the use of such methods of constitutional interpretation..."
Constitutional interpretations

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Community on the Move for Equality invite you to March for Justice and Jobs

"In his final campaign before his death, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. lent his support to a strike by sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee. This flyer was distributed to sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee, asking them to "March for Justice and Jobs" on March 22, 1968. Included are directions for the route to be followed and instructions to the marchers to use "soul-force which is peaceful, loving, courageous, yet militant.".."
ML King March for Justice and Jobs

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Where to Write for Vital Records

"The links below are provided for those users who want direct access to individual state and territory information. To use this valuable tool, you must first determine the state or area where the birth, death, marriage, or divorce occurred, then click on that state or area. Please follow the provided Application Guidelines to ensure an accurate response to your request.
The federal government does not distribute certificates, files, or indexes with identifying information for vital records. Applications for passports can be obtained through the U.S. State Department..".
Vital records

Criminal Victimization, 2016

"Presents national data on criminal victimization reported and not reported to police in 2016, including the characteristics of crimes and victims and outcomes of victimization. The report examines violent crimes (rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault) and property crimes (household burglary, motor vehicle theft, and theft). It also includes data on domestic violence, intimate partner violence, injury to victims, and weapon use. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older. During 2016, about 134,690 households and 224,520 persons were interviewed for the NCVS. 
  • In 2016, U.S. residents age 12 or older experienced 5.7 million violent victimizations—a rate of 21.1 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older.
  • The rate of stranger violence (8.2 per 1,000 persons) was higher than the rate of intimate partner violence (2.2 per 1,000).
  • In 2016, U.S. households experienced 15.9 million property crimes—a rate of 119.4 per 1,000 households.
  • Motor vehicle thefts (80%) were the most likely of all crime types to be reported to police.
  • In 2016, a total of 1.3% of all persons age 12 or older experienced one or more violent victimizations..."

Crime Victimization

March 22nd is National Lynch Syndrome Awareness Day!

"Lynch syndrome is an inherited genetic condition that makes you more likely to get colorectal (colon) and other types of cancer. If you have Lynch syndrome, you can take steps to reduce your chances of getting cancer or find cancer early. To find out if you have Lynch syndrome, collect your family health history, share it with your doctor and have any screenings your doctor recommends. If you have Lynch syndrome, be sure to tell your family members.

What is Lynch Syndrome?

Lynch syndrome is a hereditary cancer syndrome, meaning that it is caused by inherited genetic changes, or mutations. If you have Lynch syndrome, your parents, children, sisters, and brothers have a 50% (1 in 2) chance of having the condition. People with Lynch syndrome are much more likely to develop colorectal and endometrial (uterine) cancer, especially at a young age (before 50). Dave has Lynch syndrome and had colorectal cancer at 28. Amy found out she has Lynch syndrome when she was diagnosed with colorectal cancer days after turning 47.

Why is it Important to Know if You Have Lynch Syndrome?

If you or your family members have Lynch syndrome, your doctor can help you take steps to reduce your chance of getting cancer or find cancer early if you get it. Your doctor may recommend the following:
  • Starting screening at a younger age
  • Getting screened more frequently
  • Using colonoscopy only instead of other tests..."
    Lynch Syndrome

How to Locate the Bills and Amendments a Member of Congress has Sponsored or Cosponsored in

"One of the questions we are frequently asked is how to locate a bill or amendment that a member of Congress has sponsored or cosponsored. There are a few ways to do this on
1. Visit a member profile page
Locate a member you are interested in and open their member profile page. Next, you can use the filters on the left-hand side of the screen to narrow down your results. For example, if you are only interested in legislation that the member sponsored or cosponsored in the 115th Congress, under “Congress”, click on “115”. You can also use the filters in combination with one another to further narrow down your results.
If you are looking at a member profile page for a current member of Congress, note that you can click “get alerts” at the top, left-hand side of the screen to sign up to receive an email each time that member sponsors or cosponsors legislation.
An example of a member profile page on
An example of a member profile page on
2. Use the House and Senate Sponsors and Cosponsors Browse Page

Underneath the global search box on the homepage, you will see a heading that says “bill searches and lists”. Next to “By Sponsor”, you can choose House or Senate. On the next screen, select a Congress. Next, locate the first letter of the member’s last name, click on it, and locate the member in the list. This list allows you browse the number of bills and amendments a member has sponsored or cosponsored in a table format. It also allows you to click on arrows to sort your results. For example, under the column for the member’s name, you can click on the arrows to sort the names in ascending or descending alphabetical order. You can then click on the hyperlinked number in a column of interest to retrieve those results..."
Congressional bills

Lt. Henry O. Flipper

"Born into slavery in Thomasville, Georgia, on March 21, 1856, Henry Ossian Flipper was appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1873. Over the next four years he overcame harassment, isolation, and insults to become West Point's first African American graduate and the first African American commissioned officer in the regular U.S. Army. Flipper was stationed first at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, later served at Forts Elliott, Quitman, and Davis, Texas. He served as a signal officer and quartermaster, fought Apaches, installed telegraph lines, and supervised the building of roads. At Fort Sill, the young lieutenant directed the construction of a drainage system that helped prevent the spread of malaria. Still known as "Flipper's Ditch," the ditch is commemorated by a bronze marker at Fort Sill and the fort is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
In 1881, while serving at Fort Davis, Flipper's commanding officer accused him of embezzling $3,791.77 from commissary funds. A court-martial found him not guilty of embezzlement but convicted him of conduct unbecoming an officer and ordered him dismissed from the Army.
After his dishonorable discharge, Flipper fought to clear his name as he pursued a career as an engineer and an expert on Spanish and Mexican land law. In 1898, a bill reinstating him into the Army and restoring his rank was introduced in Congress on his behalf. To bolster his case, he sent Congressman John A. T. Hull, chairman of the House Committee on Military Affairs, the letter displayed below along with a brief supporting the bill's passage. Flipper's letter to Hull is an eloquent statement asking Congress for "that justice which every American citizen has the right to ask." The bill and several later ones were tabled, and Flipper died in 1940 without vindication, but in 1976, the Army granted him an honorable discharge, and in 1999, President Bill Clinton issued him a full pardon..".

Henry O. Flipper

Monday, March 19, 2018

Prevent Mosquito Bites

The most effective way to avoid getting sick from viruses spread by mosquitoes when at home and during travel is to prevent mosquito bites.
Mosquito bites can be more than just annoying and itchy. They can spread viruses that make you sick or, in rare cases, cause death. Although most kinds of mosquitoes are just nuisance mosquitoes, some kinds of mosquitoes in the United States and around the world spread viruses that can cause disease.
Mosquitoes bite during the day and night, live indoors and outdoors, and search for warm places as temperatures begin to drop. Some will hibernate in enclosed spaces, like garages, sheds, and under (or inside) homes to survive cold temperatures. Except for the southernmost states in North America, mosquito season starts in the summer and continues into fall.


  • Use insect repellent: When used as directed, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Use an EPA-registered insect repellent with one of the following active ingredients:
    • DEET
    • Picaridin
    • IR3535
    • Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE)
    • Para-menthane-diol (PMD)
    • 2-undecanone
  • Cover up: Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Keep mosquitoes outside: Use air conditioning, or window and door screens. If you are not able to protect yourself from mosquitoes inside your home or hotel, sleep under a mosquito bed net...".

Colorectal Cancer Awareness

"“I never would have found it early if I hadn’t been screened,” said Robert, a survivor of colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon or rectum).
Since Robert’s dad got colorectal cancer at age 45, when Robert went for his annual checkup, he asked his own doctor about getting screened. He got a screening test called a colonoscopy, a test that can show the whole colon and the best kind of test for Robert because of his family cancer history. The colonoscopy showed he had cancer.
“People tell me that they are scared to get screened, but I think it’s scarier if you have a tumor that the doctor can’t remove,” Robert said. “If I hadn’t been screened, I wouldn’t have been able to see my son go off to college, or enjoy this next chapter of my life with my wife and family.”

What You Can Do

Keeping Backyard Poultry

"Live poultry, such as chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys, often carry germs such as Salmonella. After you touch a bird, or anything in the area where birds live and roam, wash your hands so you don’t get sick!
Owning backyard chickens and other poultry can be a great experience. However, children and other groups of people have a greater chance of illness from handling live poultry or anything in the area where they live and roam. Even handling baby birds displayed at stores can cause a Salmonella infection. Keep reading to learn about the steps you can take to stay healthy around live poultry.

How do people get Salmonella infections from live poultry?

Live poultry might have Salmonella germs in their droppings and on their bodies (feathers, feet, and beaks), even when they appear healthy and clean. The germs can get on cages, coops, feed and water dishes, hay, plants, and soil in the area where the birds live and roam. Germs also can get on the hands, shoes, and clothes of people who handle or care for the birds.
People become infected with Salmonella germs when they put their hands or equipment that has been in contact with live poultry in or around their mouth. Young children are more likely to get sick because their immune systems are still developing and they are more likely to put their fingers or pacifiers and other items into their mouths. Some people who have contact with items, like coops or water dishes, in the area where poultry live can get sick without actually touching one of the birds. Germs on your hands can spread easily to other people or surfaces, which is why it’s important to wash hands immediately with soap and water after touching poultry or anything in the area where they live and roam.."

Backyard poultry

Pink Eye: Usually Mild and Easy to Treat

"Pink, itchy eyes? Pink eye – or conjunctivitis – is common and spreads easily. It sometimes needs medical treatment, depending on the cause. Know the symptoms, when to seek treatment, and how to help prevent it.
Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is one of the most common and treatable eye conditions in the world in both children and adults. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball. This inflammation makes blood vessels more visible and gives the eye a pink or reddish color.

Four Main Causes of Pink Eye

There are four main causes of pink eye:
It can be difficult to determine the exact cause of pink eye because some signs and symptoms may be the same no matter the cause..."
Pink eye

Prepare for Spring Weather

"Spring weather can be unpredictable. When severe weather hits unexpectedly, the risk of injury and death increases, so planning ahead makes sense. Prepare for storms, floods, and tornadoes as if you know in advance they are coming, because in the spring, they very likely will.
Spring is the time of year when many things change—including the weather. Temperatures can swing back and forth between balmy and frigid. Sunny days may be followed by a week of stormy weather. Sometimes extreme weather changes can occur even within the same day. Mark Twain once said, “In the spring I have counted one hundred and thirty-six kinds of weather inside of four and twenty hours.”
Thunderstorms cause most of the severe spring weather. They can bring lightning, tornadoes, and flooding. Whenever warm, moist air collides with cool, dry air, thunderstorms can occur. For much of the world, this happens in spring and summer.
Because spring weather is so unpredictable, you may be unprepared when severe weather hits—particularly if you live in a region that does not often experience thunderstorms, tornadoes, or flooding. And when severe weather hits unexpectedly, the risk of injury and death increases. So planning ahead makes sense; prepare for storms, floods, and tornadoes as if you know in advance they are coming, because in the spring, they very likely will..."
Spring weather

What is an inhibitor?

"Inhibitors are complex, costly health problems that can affect people withhemophilia and von Willebrand disease (VWD) type 3. This Bleeding Disorders Awareness Month, learn about inhibitors and read Anthony’s story on living a full life with an inhibitor.

About Inhibitors

All people with hemophilia and VWD type 3 are at risk for developing an inhibitor – an antibody – to treatment used to stop or to prevent a bleeding episode.

Hemophilia and VWD type 3 are bleeding disorders in which the blood does not clot due to missing or low levels of proteins, known as ‘clotting factors,’ in the blood. People with hemophilia and VWD type 3 receive treatment products called ‘clotting factor concentrates’ to replace missing or low blood clotting factor in their blood. This procedure (known as infusion) is carried out by injecting commercially prepared clotting factor concentrates into their vein.

When a person develops an inhibitor, the body thinks that the clotting factor concentrates are harmful, foreign substances and rejects the clotting factor concentrates as treatment. Instead, the body tries to destroy the clotting factor concentrates with an inhibitor to protect the body, which makes it harder to treat a bleeding episode..."

National Proson Prevention Week, March 18-24, 2018

"Poisons can kill. But we also know that unintentional poisonings are preventable. That’s why the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission urges everyone to have a Plan for Protection from Poisoning, especially if there are little ones or elderly relatives in the home.
Younger children tend to get into everything and often put things they shouldn’t into their mouths. Hazardous medicines and household cleaning products can be mistaken for more common products due to colorful packaging or fruity scents. Ingesting these can be a deadly mistake.
In 2016, more than 79,000 children were seen in the ER due to unintended pediatric poisoning. More than 84% of these incidents occurred in the home and most often with these five products: blood pressure medications, acetaminophen, laundry packets, bleach, and sedatives/anti-anxiety medications..."

Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Nunes Statement on Russia Investigation

"Nunes Statement on Russia Investigation
f t # e
Washington, March 12, 2018
House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Chairman Devin Nunes issued the following statement today:
“After more than a year, the Committee has finished its Russia investigation and will now work on completing our report. I’d like to thank Congressmen Trey Gowdy, Tom Rooney, and especially Mike Conaway for the excellent job they’ve done leading this investigation. I’d also like to recognize the hard work undertaken by our other Committee members as well as our staff. Once the Committee’s final report is issued, we hope our findings and recommendations will be useful for improving security and integrity for the 2018 midterm elections.”

For public documents related to the Committee’s Russia investigation, click here. .."

Russian Investigation(Nunes)