"Following incidents of terrorism or mass violence in the United States, jurisdictions and individuals may be eligible to receive various types of victim assistance both directly from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and indirectly from DOJ through their respective state victim assistance agencies or other programs. While circumstances in some incidents may result in a jurisdiction’s eligibility for assistance from other federal departments, such as Department of Education grants awarded to Newtown Public School District in recovery efforts from the Newtown, CT, elementary school shooting, this report focuses solely on assistance available from DOJ’s Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)—the primary federal assistance available to victims of terrorism or mass violence.
As authorized by the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA, P.L. 98-473), the OVC supports several
federal programs that may assist victims of terrorism or mass violence. Grant programs include
the victim assistance and victim compensation formula grant programs and the Antiterrorism and
Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP). Other programs and operations directly assist victims,
including the Victim Assistance Program at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), victim
witness assistance at the Offices of the U.S. Attorneys, the International Terrorism Victim
Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), the Victim Reunification Travel Program, and
various supplemental grants to and agreements with agencies and organizations that provide
assistance to victims of terrorism or mass violence..."
Victims of terrorism