"About 60% of U.S. voters live in the 33 states that require a voter at a polling place to produce an identification document (ID) before casting a ballot. Among those states, 20 permit voters without ID to cast a ballot through alternative means, such as signing an affidavit; 13 strictly enforce the ID requirement. The other 17 states and the District of Columbia have a range of nondocument requirements instead.
Over the last two decades, the number of states requiring voter IDs has tripled. The stringency of
those requirements is controversial. States vary substantially in the range of IDs accepted, the
information they must contain, and the ease with which a voter can procure an ID. Although all
states requiring voter ID accept a local driver’s license, no two states have the same overall
requirements. Among states with voter ID laws, 20 require photographic identification (photo
ID), while 13 permit a nonphoto ID. In addition, 8 states require ID for voters casting absentee or