"The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increased due to these conflicts, there was concern that the number of homeless veterans could rise commensurately. The 2007-2009 recession and the subsequent slow economic recovery also raised concerns that homelessness could increase among all groups, including veterans.
Congress has created numerous programs that serve homeless veterans specifically, almost all of
which are funded through the Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans
Affairs (VA). These programs provide health care and rehabilitation services for homeless
veterans (the Health Care for Homeless Veterans and Domiciliary Care for Homeless Veterans
programs), employment assistance (Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program—a Department of
Labor program—and Compensated Work Therapy program), and transitional housing (Grant and
Per Diem program) as well as supportive services (the Supportive Services for Veteran Families
program). The VA also works with the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to
provide permanent supportive housing to homeless veterans through the HUD-VA Supported
Housing Program (HUD-VASH). In the HUD-VASH program, HUD funds rental assistance
through Section 8 vouchers while the VA provides supportive services. In addition, the VA and
HUD have collaborated on a homelessness prevention demonstration program..."