"“Internet of Things” (IoT) refers to networks of objects that communicate with other objects and with computers through the Internet. “Things” may include virtually any object for which remote communication, data collection, or control might be useful, such as vehicles, appliances, medical devices, electric grids, transportation infrastructure, manufacturing equipment, or building systems.
In other words, the IoT potentially includes huge numbers and kinds of interconnected objects. It
is often considered the next major stage in the evolution of cyberspace. Some observers believe it
might even lead to a world where cyberspace and human space would seem to effectively merge,
with unpredictable but potentially momentous societal and cultural impacts.
Two features makes objects part of the IoT—a unique identifier and Internet connectivity. Such
“smart” objects each have a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address to identify the object sending
and receiving information. Smart objects can form systems that communicate among themselves,
usually in concert with computers, allowing automated and remote control of many independent
processes and potentially transforming them into integrated systems.."